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Taking "smart manufacturing" as the direction to promote light industry to mid-to-high-end
Date: 2020-10-20 14:35:56Pageviews: 206

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  "Made in China 2025" has been officially released. The implementation of "Made in China 2025" will help the light industry to strengthen confidence under the new normal during the period of speed increase and shift, accelerate structural adjustment, strengthen innovation drive, strive to open up the market, guide and create demand, and maintain a stable and fast It also helps us to focus on the next 10 years, forge ahead, and promote my country's light industry as a whole to move toward the mid-to-high end, and start to become one of the world's light industry powers in 2025.

  

  With intelligent manufacturing as the main attack direction, it is divided into three echelons to enter the ranks of the world's light industry powers

  

   The core of the five major projects to be implemented in "Made in China 2025" is the intelligent manufacturing project. As early as August last year, we organized our forces to actively participate in related work such as "Made in China 2025" and "Strategic Research on Manufacturing Power" led by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and proposed a strategic direction focusing on intelligent manufacturing.

  

   In 2013, Germany proposed the Industry 4.0 strategy. This is the development strategy proposed after the successful completion of Industry 1.0, Industry 2.0, and Industry 3.0, and it is a development strategy in a sequence of stages. my country's light industry is still in the stage of parallel development of Industry 2.0 and Industry 3.0. Some industries have to take the development path of Industry 2.0 supplementary courses, Industry 3.0 popularization, and Industry 4.0 demonstration. Therefore, our task is more complicated and more difficult than Germany's realization of Industry 4.0. Germany is a world manufacturing power and a leading exporter of manufactured products. my country is a major light industry manufacturing country, but it is not yet a light industry manufacturing power.

  

"Made in China 2025" has made an overall plan for the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry. It not only proposes ways and measures to foster the development of emerging industries, but also intensifies the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries such as light industry, and at the same time solves manufacturing problems. Contradictions and problems that are prominent in stages, such as industrial innovation ability, product quality, and industrial foundation. When compiling the "Eleventh Five-Year" development guidance for light industry, the China National Light Industry Council took the lead in proposing predictions. After 20 years of continuous development, my country's light industry can be divided into three'industry echelons' and enter the ranks of the world's light industry powers. . Industries such as home appliances, leather, furniture, bicycles, and batteries are the first to achieve the goal of being a world power.

  

"Made in China 2025" pointed out that it is necessary to seize the R&D and production of smart equipment and smart products, and use high-end digital machine tools, industrial robots and other smart manufacturing equipment and smart production of wearable products, smart home appliances, service robots and other smart products. And industrialization, vigorously promote the intelligentization of the manufacturing process.

  

   One is intelligent manufacturing, which realizes machine substitution and solves the problem of rising labor costs. Over the years, the number of people employed in the entire light industry has been more than 30 million, accounting for about a quarter of the number of employees in industrial enterprises above designated size in the country. In recent years, due to the decline in the demographic dividend, the difficulty in recruiting workers, and the rising labor costs, coupled with the rising demand for flexible manufacturing of products, and the continuous improvement of the professional quality and technical level of employees, the "machine substitution" production model that uses robots to achieve automation has been rapidly promoted. Automation and robot applications are the future development direction of the manufacturing industry, and investment should be increased in response to automation transformation.

  

   The second is intelligent manufacturing, which realizes the mechanization, automation and intelligence of the production process. According to the two phases of "Made in China 2025", that is, the first phase is from 2015 to 2020, comprehensively promote the application of digital network technology, and some industries and enterprises carry out intelligent technology pilots and demonstrations; the second phase is from 2020 to 2025 In 2010, we will vigorously promote the application of networked and intelligent technologies.

  

  The home appliance industry in the light industry has already taken the lead and achieved gratifying progress and valuable experience. At present, Haier has built four interconnected factories of Shenyang refrigerator, Zhengzhou air conditioner, Foshan washing machine, and Qingdao water heater. The world's first customized air conditioner has been rolled off the Zhengzhou interconnected factory. The front end of Haier Internet Factory is a user interaction customization platform called "Zhongchuanghui". The user interaction customization platform means that users are no longer bystanders of products, but participants in the entire manufacturing process, opening the era of everyone's self-made. "Haidayuan" module supplier resource platform is the first in the global home appliance industry to provide global suppliers with self-registration, self-grabbing, self-interaction, self-transaction, self-delivery, and self-optimization resource platform. At present, the platform has completed self-registration. There are more than 3,700 module vendors, and more than 2,000 interactive solutions on the platform provide users with the best experience. At the end of 2011, Shunde became the country's first national “deep integration of the two industrializations of the equipment industry and intelligent manufacturing pilot”. In addition, Midea Group, Gree Electric, and Shanghai Hitachi have also increased their investment in smart manufacturing such as smart modules and robot applications.

  

Key light industry industries should actively participate in the automation, intelligence and autonomy of key special professional equipment in this industry, and participate in the research and development, design and manufacturing of key core technologies of intelligent manufacturing equipment and intelligent production lines such as industrial robots in this industry; increase intelligent manufacturing In terms of technological transformation and investment. Vigorously promote the intelligentization of the manufacturing process, and promote the construction of intelligent manufacturing units, intelligent production lines, intelligent production workshops and intelligent factories in key industries in terms of product design intelligence, key process intelligence, and supply chain optimization management and control.

  

   In addition to key industries, special regions and key industrial clusters of light industry have also formulated plans to vigorously promote smart manufacturing. Last year, Quanzhou City, Fujian Province began to formulate "Made in Quanzhou 2025". Jinjiang City is the core area of ​​"Made in Quanzhou" and is also a well-known "Chinese shoe capital". They proposed the goal of building Quanzhou into China's intelligent manufacturing base.

  

   The third is to accelerate the improvement of the production level of light industrial intelligent products, and continue to meet and guide consumption. Speed ​​up the development and industrialization of smart products such as wearable products, smart home appliances, service robots, and digital products (such as smart sewing equipment, smart bathroom, smart toys, and furniture).

  

"Made in China 2025" puts forward the "three-step" strategic goal of building a manufacturing power in three ten years. my country's light industry should also focus on intelligent manufacturing, and strive to be among the world's light industry powers in the first 10 years; In the second 10 years, we will enter the middle position of the world's light industry powers; in the third 10 years, 2045, we will enter the leading position of the world's light industry powers, and will eventually become a light industry manufacturing power at the 100th anniversary of the founding of New China.

  

  Accelerating the transformation and upgrading of my country's light industry with the integration of industrialization and industrialization as the main line

  

   In recent years, we have done some work in promoting the integration of the two aspects of light industry and achieved results. We adopted the form of joint on-site exchange meetings with the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology to promote the in-depth integration of industrialization and industrialization in key industries of light industry and the application and development of e-commerce. We actively participated in the establishment and improvement of infant formula milk powder enterprises by means of integration of industrialization and industrialization. Quality and safety traceability system. In cooperation with the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology to carry out the pilot work for the implementation of the integrated management system of the two, Haier Group, Joyoung, Wahaha Group, Nine Dragons Paper, Yueyang Forest Paper, Golden Monkey Group, and Baoen Leather Group took the lead in becoming pilot enterprises.

  

In the next step, we will continue to implement the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology's "Special Action Plan for the Deep Integration of Informatization and Industrialization (2013-2018)", strengthen the construction and promotion of industry standards for enterprise integration management systems, and accelerate the development of technologies that support the in-depth integration of industrialization and industrialization in key industries. Standards and regulations, continue to carry out the evaluation of the development level of the integration of industrialization and industrialization in the papermaking, home appliances, leather and other industries, and start the evaluation work of other industries as soon as possible, and carry out the typical demonstration work of the integration of industrialization and industrialization. Select a batch of typical demonstration enterprises of industrial integration of industrialization and industrialization in various industries, support the integration of industrialization and industrialization of typical enterprises, and increase the promotion and promotion of the typical experience of integration of industrialization and industrialization in demonstration enterprises. Carry out the construction of a public service platform for traceability of quality and safety information in the food industry. Promote process industry energy online simulation systems in key energy-saving and emission-reduction industries, support the construction of a number of enterprise energy management and control centers, and carry out digital energy pilot projects. Promote energy-saving and emission-reduction information technology, and promote enterprise digital energy application grade evaluation.

  

   Build a big data platform in leading light industry key industries, carry out data mining analysis and intelligent decision-making, and optimize resource allocation and business processes. Build a big data platform with open data in key industries, and realize long-term dynamic tracking, forecasting and supervision of products and markets through big data.

  

   Consolidate the foundation, make breakthroughs, realize the overall improvement of the basic capabilities of light industry

  

In order to further enhance the basic capacity building of key industries in light industry, we organize key industries such as papermaking, plastics, home appliances, batteries, fermentation, clocks, sewing machinery, etc. to undergo in-depth investigations and demonstrations, and determine a batch of basic components and foundations that are urgently needed for industry development. Technology and basic materials break through the direction, and strive to achieve breakthrough results from 2015 to 2017. On the basis of industrialization, it will be applied to the technological transformation of enterprises and gradually promoted in the industry.

  

Adopting the mode of combining production, teaching and research, and coordinating and organizing breakthroughs in a number of "four bases" projects that restrict the development of key industries. Engineering plastics, functional membrane materials; technologies such as industrial catalysts (enzyme preparations) in bio-fermentation industries; precision measurement systems and manufacturing execution systems (MES) in the battery industry, non-lead grids of new lead batteries, and high specific energy lithium-ion power Lithium-rich manganese-based composite cathode materials for batteries; oil-free technology and high-precision chassis manufacturing in the sewing machinery industry; basic fields such as precision plywood processing technology and technology, high-precision elastic components (hairspring, clockwork) processing technology in the watch industry , Make a breakthrough. Use new technologies, new processes, new materials, and new equipment to promote energy conservation and emission reduction of enterprises, and develop green light industrial products; in view of the current situation of relying on imports for key equipment in key light industry industries, use key technologies, equipment and key projects as breakthroughs to improve key equipment The level of autonomy. Promote the development of emerging industries of light industry with information technology, biotechnology, and new energy as signs. A batch of core technology breakthroughs and applications have formed mass production capacity and promoted the overall improvement of the basic capacity building of light industry.

  

   Focus on quality building and brand promotion to promote the transformation of Chinese products to Chinese quality

  

   my country's light industry is not very competitive, the industry is at the middle and low end of the international value chain, and it lacks world-renowned brands. First of all, the overall level of my country's light industry product quality and technical standards is not high. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology took the export of toys as an example to interpret this: From July 2013 to June 2014, the EU’s new "Toy Safety Directive" was fully implemented for one year, the EU RAPEX notified and recalled toy products made in mainland China and exported to EU countries. A total of 498 cases, more than 20 cases of toys made in mainland China are notified/recalled by the EU RAPEX due to quality and safety issues every month. Secondly, Chinese enterprises have seriously insufficient investment in brand design, brand building and brand maintenance, and brand cultivation and development are seriously lagging behind. In 2014, among the world's brands, only Haier, Gree, Bosideng and other brands in my country's light industry companies were selected, far below the United States, France and Japan. Third, the overall level of the standard system is not high. According to statistics, there are only 39 international standards for light industry that my country has led to formulate, and the standard update speed is slow. Finally, the development level of leading enterprises in my country's light industry is not commensurate with my country's status as a major manufacturing country. In 2014, the number of industrial enterprises above designated size in my country's light industry reached 108,000, and their main business income reached more than 22 trillion yuan, ranking first in the global light industry. However, mainland China has not yet entered the "Fortune 500" light industry. Among the industrial enterprises, there are only five leading enterprises with annual sales revenue exceeding 100 billion yuan: Haier, Midea, Gree, Bright, and Yurun, and their contribution to industrial growth is far below the average level of industrialized countries. In addition, it is necessary to encourage enterprises to formulate enterprise standards, group standards, and alliance standards that are higher than national standards and industry standards, actively promote the implementation of industrial product quality enterprise self-declaration, encourage enterprises to pursue excellence in quality, and form brand-name products with independent intellectual property rights. Enhance corporate brand value and the overall image of "Made in China", promote the transformation of Chinese products to Chinese quality, and promote my country's light industry and products to move towards mid-to-high end.

  

   Fully promote green manufacturing

  

  Create a light industry ecology and green industry

  

  Intensify efforts in key industries such as papermaking, leather, food, and batteries to promote energy conservation and consumption reduction, emission reduction and pollution control, and use new technologies, new processes, new materials, and new equipment to promote energy conservation and emission reduction in enterprises. Strengthen the development, promotion and application of cleaner production technologies in key areas, and further implement the application demonstration projects and promotion demonstration projects in the cleaner production promotion plan for the papermaking, leather, winemaking, fermentation, and battery industries. Develop a clean production technology evaluation index system for key industries, and carry out the identification of advanced clean production enterprises. Establish energy-consumption benchmarking enterprises, carry out energy efficiency benchmarking activities, and vigorously promote new energy-saving technologies. Guide the construction of energy management centers in key industries such as papermaking and food, and use information technology and management technology to achieve energy conservation. In the battery, leather and other industries, research and development and promotion of heavy metal pollution prevention and control technology, greatly improving the industry's clean production level. Strengthen the promotion and application of waste comprehensive utilization technologies, and improve the ability to convert bulk industrial solid wastes such as waste electrical appliances, waste paper, waste plastics, and leather wastes into renewable resources.

  

  In-depth advancement of the structural adjustment of the manufacturing industry to develop service-oriented manufacturing and producer service industries

  

Focusing on key industries, give full play to the organization and coordination role of industry associations, integrate relevant resources, improve the common key technology research and development system, and actively build an industrial technology innovation strategic alliance with enterprises as the main body and combining production, education, research and application; promote industry technology innovation public service platform Build and form a support system for key industries and regional innovation; actively promote the construction of a technology service integration platform for industrial clusters, and enhance the development level of industrial clusters.

  

   Improve the development level of characteristic regions and industrial clusters. Strengthen the guidance and support for the planning of light industry characteristic regions and industrial clusters, industrial upgrading, energy saving and emission reduction, and support the development of industrial clusters with a good foundation in the home appliances, leather, furniture, plastics, ceramics, and fermentation industries. "Internet +" mode, establish and improve a batch of technology research and development, technical consulting, testing, information and other technology service integration platforms for small and medium-sized enterprises, develop professional markets and e-commerce, organize and implement industrial cluster demonstration projects, and improve industrial and regional innovation The system guides small and medium-sized enterprises to take the development path of "professional, refined, special and new". Improve the quality and grade of industrial clusters, promote traditional industrial clusters to accelerate the transformation to independent design and processing, independent brand production, and realize the overall transformation and upgrading of industrial clusters. Support the technological progress of a group of key enterprises in the cluster, play their leading role in product radiation, technology demonstration, and information diffusion, extend the industrial chain, comprehensively drive and promote the healthy development of small and medium-sized enterprises, and form a light industry "mass entrepreneurship and innovation" situation , To create a batch of innovative modern industrial cluster demonstration bases that are in line with low-carbon economy, circular economy development model, and relatively complete industrial chain.