Recently, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology cited statistics from the American consulting agency Gardner, in the world machine tool consumer market, my country's machine tool exports in 2014 were 3.3 billion US dollars, accounting for only less than 5% of the world's total machine tool consumption, while Japan and Germany both accounted for more than 10%. At the same time, a considerable part of the high- and mid-range CNC machine tools urgently needed in China rely on imports. For example, imported equipment in the automotive field accounts for more than 40%. The development of my country's high-end machine tool industry has a long way to go.
A few days ago, "Made in China 2025" listed CNC machine tools and basic manufacturing equipment as "a strategically contested area for speeding up breakthroughs", which proposed to strengthen forward-looking deployment and key technological breakthroughs, actively plan to seize the commanding heights of future technology and industry competition, and increase the international division of labor. Level and right to speak.
CNC machine tools and basic manufacturing equipment are the "workers" of the equipment manufacturing industry. The technical level and product quality of a country's machine tool industry are important indicators to measure the development level of its equipment manufacturing industry. "Made in China 2025" combines CNC machine tools and basic manufacturing The equipment industry is listed as one of the strategically contested areas of China's manufacturing industry, mainly because it has an "anchor" role in the international division of labor in a country's manufacturing industry, especially the equipment manufacturing industry: CNC machine tools and basic manufacturing equipment are manufacturing The foundation for the generation of industry value and the fulcrum of the industry's leap are the core of the basic manufacturing capacity. Only with a solid basic manufacturing capacity can it be possible to produce advanced equipment products and realize the production of high-value products.
However, the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology stated that although my country's machine tool industry occupies an important position in the world's machine tool industry system and the global machine tool market, it still cannot be regarded as a machine tool powerhouse. Compared with the world's powerful machine tools, my country's machine tool industry still has a certain gap, especially in the lack of competitiveness of medium and high-end machine tools.
In addition to the weak international competitiveness, the development of core parts of domestic machine tools needs to be strengthened urgently. At present, domestically-made machine tool functional components cannot meet the host supporting requirements in terms of variety, quantity, and grade. The market share of domestically-made mid-range supporting functional components still needs to be improved. High-end products rely on imports to a large extent.
In addition, the development pressure of my country's machine tool industry remains high. According to data released by Gardner, the global consumption of machine tools in 2014 was US$75.3 billion, an increase of only 0.3% over 2013. Global machine tool production has declined for three consecutive years. In 2014, the global machine tool output value was US$81.2 billion, a decrease of 3.1% from 2013. %, China's CNC machine tool industry also continues to operate under pressure, and is generally in a downward range. In 2014, the output of domestic metal processing machine tools decreased by 2% year-on-year. At the same time, the domestic market's demand for imported machine tools rose instead of falling. In 2014, machine tool imports totaled US$17.78 billion, an increase of 10.8% year-on-year.
"This shows that the domestic machine tool industry is unable to meet the high-end needs of enterprises. The domestic machine tool industry is under the double superposition of cyclical pressure and structural pressure, and it is urgent to find new development breakthroughs." The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said.